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In the s, the Soviets introduced the RPK light machine gun, an AK type începători despre opțiunile binare with a stronger receiver, a longer heavy barrel, and a bipod, that would eventually replace the RPD light machine gun.

I was a soldier, and I created a machine gun for a soldier. It was called an Avtomat Kalashnikova, the automatic weapon of Kalashnikov—AK—and it carried the year of its first manufacture, Kalashnikov himself observed: "A lot of Russian Army soldiers ask me how one can become a constructor, and how new weaponry is designed.

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These are very difficult questions. Each designer seems to have his own paths, his own successes and failures. But one thing is clear: before attempting to create something new, it is vital to have a good appreciation of everything that already exists in this field. I myself have had many experiences confirming this to be so. It was site- uri web cu opțiuni binare cu 5 depozite minime to him that this new weapon might well lead to greater things, and he undertook work on the new rifle.

It was gas-operated rifle with a short-stroke gas piston above the barrel, a breech-block mechanism similar to his carbine, and a curved round magazine. Instruire în tranzacționare de la Kalashnikova prototypes also known as the AK had a rotary bolt, a two-part receiver with separate trigger unit housing, dual controls separate safety and fire selector switches and a non-reciprocating charging handle located on the left side of the weapon.

At first, Kalashnikov was reluctant, given that their rifle had already fared better than its competitors. Eventually, however, Zaitsev managed to persuade Kalashnikov.

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In Novemberthe new prototypes AKs were completed. It used a long-stroke gas piston above the barrel. The upper and lower receivers were combined into a single receiver. And, the bolt-handle was simply attached to the bolt-carrier. This simplified the design and production of the rifle. The first army trial series began in early Init was adopted by the Soviet Army as "7.

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The first production models had stamped sheet metal receivers with a milled trunnion and butt stock insert, and a stamped body. Difficulties were encountered in welding the guide and ejector rails, causing high rejection rates. Even though production of these milled rifles started inthey were officially referred to as AK, based on the date their development started, but they are much widely known in the collectors' and current commercial market as "Type 2 AK".

During this time, production of the interim SKS rifle continued. In addition, a hammer retarder was added to prevent the weapon from firing out of battery without the bolt being fully closedduring rapid or fully automatic fire.

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It was also roughly one-third lighter than the previous model. The 1B was modified for an underfolding stock with a large hole present on each side to accommodate the hardware for the underfolding stock. It went into production in and production ended in The Type 2A has a distinctive socketed metal "boot" connecting the butt stock to the receiver and the milled lightening cut on the sides runs parallel to the barrel.

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It went into production in The most ubiquitous example of the milled-receiver AK. The milled lightening cut on the sides is slanted to the barrel axis. Overall, the most-used design in the construction of the AK-series rifles.

Both licensed and unlicensed production of the Kalashnikov weapons abroad were almost exclusively of the AKM variant, partially due to the much easier production of the stamped receiver.

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This model is the most commonly encountered, having been produced in much greater quantities. All rifles based on the Kalashnikov design are frequently referred to as AKs in the West, although this is only correct when applied to rifles based on the original three receiver types.

instruire în tranzacționare de la Kalashnikova

The differences between the milled and stamped receivers includes the use of rivets rather than welds on the stamped receiver, as well as the placement of a small dimple above the magazine well for stabilization of the magazine. This new rifle and cartridge had only started to be manufactured in Eastern European nations when the Soviet Union collapseddrastically slowing production of the AK and other weapons of the former Soviet bloc. Design The AK was designed to be a simple, reliable fully automatic rifle that could be manufactured quickly and cheaply, using mass production methods that were state of the art in the Soviet Union during the late s.

Cartridge Main article: 7. Martin Fackler on behalf of the U. The AK has excellent penetration when shooting through heavy foliage, walls or a common vehicle's metal body and into an opponent attempting to use these things as cover.

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The 7. This variety deleted the steel insert, shifting the center of gravity rearward, and allowing the projectile to destabilize or yaw at about 3. In semi-automatic, the firearm fires only once, requiring the trigger to be released and depressed again for the next shot. In fully automatic, the rifle continues to fire automatically cycling fresh rounds into the chamber until the magazine is exhausted or pressure is released from the trigger.

After ignition of the cartridge primer and propellant, rapidly expanding propellant gases are diverted into the gas cylinder above the barrel through a vent near the muzzle. The build-up of gases inside the gas cylinder drives the long-stroke piston and bolt carrier rearward and a cam guide machined into the underside of instruire în tranzacționare de la Kalashnikova bolt carrier, along with an ejector spur on the bolt carrier rail guide, rotates the bolt approximately 35° and unlocks it from the barrel extension via a camming pin on the bolt.

The moving assembly has about 5.

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The AK does not have a gas valve; excess gases are ventilated through a series of radial ports in the gas cylinder. The Kalashnikov operating system offers no primary extraction upon bolt rotation, but uses an extractor claw to eject the spent cartridge case.

The gas block contains a gas channel that is installed at a slanted angle in relation to the bore axis. The muzzle is threaded for the installation of various muzzle devices such as a muzzle brake or a blank-firing adaptor.

instruire în tranzacționare de la Kalashnikova

Gas block The gas block of the AK features a cleaning rod capture or sling loop. Gas relief ports that alleviate gas pressure are placed horizontally in a row on the gas cylinder.

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Fire selector Việt Cộng soldier armed with an AK, standing beneath the flag of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam The fire selector is a large lever located on the right side of the rifle, it acts as a dust-cover and prevents the charging handle from being pulled fully to the rear when it is on safe.

Some AK-type rifles also have a more traditional selector lever on the left side of the receiver just above the pistol grip.

Horizontal adjustment requires a special drift tool and is done by the armory before issue or if the need arises by an armorer after issue.

instruire în tranzacționare de la Kalashnikova

The sight line elements are approximately Soldiers are instructed to fire at any target within this range by simply placing the sights on the center of mass the belt buckle, according to Russian and former Soviet doctrine of the enemy target. Any errors in range estimation are tactically irrelevant, as a well-aimed shot will hit the torso of the enemy soldier. Some AK-type rifles have a front sight with a flip-up luminous dot that is calibrated at 50 m 55 ydfor improved night fighting.

With the introduction of the Type 3 receiver the buttstock, lower handguard and upper heatguard were manufactured from birch plywood laminates.

The wooden furniture was finished with the Russian amber shellac finishing process. All series AKs use plastic furniture with side-folding stocks.

Magazines "Bakelite" rust-colored steel-reinforced round plastic box 7. Three magazines have an "arrow in triangle" Izhmash arsenal mark on the bottom right.

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The other magazine has a "star" Tula arsenal mark on the bottom right The standard magazine capacity is 30 rounds. There are also 10, 20, and round box magazines, as well as round drum magazines.

The AK's standard round magazines have a pronounced curve that allows them to smoothly feed ammunition into the chamber.

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Their heavy steel construction combined with "feed-lips" the surfaces at the top of the magazine that control the angle at which the cartridge enters the chamber machined from instruire în tranzacționare de la Kalashnikova single steel billet makes them highly resistant to damage. These magazines are so strong that "Soldiers have been known to use their mags as hammers, and even bottle openers".

The early slab-sided steel AK round detachable box magazines had 1 mm 0. As a replacement steel-reinforced round plastic 7.

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These rust-colored magazines weigh 0. The third generation steel-reinforced round 7. The current issue steel-reinforced matte true black nonreflective surface finished 7.